Your IP Address Information

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My IP Address

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Ville Ashburn
Région Virginia (VA)
Pays United States of America
Code postal US
Latitude 39.0469
Longitude -77.4903

Sur My IP Address

What is an IP address?

Simply put, an IP address (short for Internet Protocol address) is a unique identifier for your device. They are owned by computers, as well as tablets and smartphones. And like a fingerprint or a snowflake, no two IP addresses are the same.

There are standards for this kind of thing, of course, and the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) sets them up. There are two main types of IP addresses currently in use: IP version 4 (IPv4) and IP version 6 (IPv6). The first has been around since January 1983 and is still the most popular. These are 32-bit numbers expressed as four octets, separated in a notation called "dotted decimal", for example,

In 1999, with the commercialization of Internet access, experts were concerned that the IANA might run out of valid IPv4 addresses. So the Internet Engineering Task Force, a nonprofit standards organization based in Fremont, California, designed its successor, IPv6. These are 128-bit numbers, expressed in Hexa strings, for example, 2001:0db8:582:ae33::29.

Equally important is what the IP address is not. Some misleading comparisons exist, but the most common is one with your home address. This is not entirely accurate since your home address is a very specific and static location, while IP addresses are often an estimation of your location.

In a 2016 report on the use of IP addresses in criminal investigations, the Electronic Frontier Foundation noted that these metaphors "mischaracterize the functionality and reliability of IP addresses, and potentially overstate the accuracy of IP address information."

When IANA configured the IPv4 and then the IPv6 protocols, the designers created the system to uniquely select an electronic destination on the Internet, not the exact physical destination. IANA creates pools of IP addresses, allocating them to regions around the world numerically, not geographically. For example, the IP addresses of India and Australia fall under the same record, although their geographical locations vary. Away from the regional level, ISPs often assign IP addresses to clients, which introduces more variation.

Internal IP vs. External IP

Your external IP address is what you might think of first when considering this unique string of numbers associated with your internet use. It's also the IP address assigned to you by your ISP, and it's public. In other words, it's the digital address of your router's interface.

From there, your router provides your devices with Internet access. At this point, when you visit a website on your phone or laptop, each device has its internal IP address, also called a private IP address, which is recorded along with your browsing history.

Think of the relationship between the two as a telephone accessory. Your phone provider assigns a specific phone number that forwards calls only to you. This will be the internal IP address. But the default company number, which appears in the general list, is like your external IP address. In this analogy, your router acts as a kind of receptionist.

How to get your IP address?

No matter what device and software you are using, you have to go to your Wi-Fi or Ethernet settings to find your IP address. Below is a list of how to do this on four different types of devices, but if you don't see your specific make and model, searching your Internet settings should get you there.

There is also a very good shortcut from Google. Simply click on this link and Google will display your IP address at the top of the search results page. Unlike that...

• On a Mac: Apple menu > System Preferences > Network > select Wi-Fi or Ethernet, depending on your connection > Your IP address is displayed in the opened window, just below the connection status.

• On a Windows 10 PC: In the taskbar, select Wi-Fi or Ethernet > click on the network you are currently connected to > select Properties > your IP address appears next to "IPv4 Address".

• On an Android smartphone or tablet: Settings > Wireless & networks (or "Network & Internet" on Pixel devices) > Select the Wi-Fi network you're connected to > Your IP address is displayed with other network information.

• On your iPhone/iPad: Settings > Wi-Fi > Click the arrow next to the network name > Your IP address is displayed to the right of "IP Address".